Once you hit that third question, you'll be well on your way to understanding the theme of the story. The more you read, the more you'll start to see common themes. Of course, the list goes on and on. That's the beauty of artistic expression.
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The central theme can be absolutely anything the author chooses to focus on. Here's an even greater list of common themes in literature and movies. The more you read, the more you'll spot some of those common themes listed above. Certainly, courage, death, friendship, and love abound.
Let's take a closer look at each of these common themes, as well as some interesting examples from popular works of fiction. Courage is a wonderful theme to explore in writing. Life is full of difficult moments that must be surmounted, so why not draw inspiration from fictional and nonfictional characters in a piece of literature? It just may be the story that inspires someone else to push through the next challenge in life. Here are a few examples of courage in major works of literature:. A Farewell to Arms by Ernest Hemingway features characters who endure a difficult war and display honorable courage in nearly every instance.
The Hobbit by J. Tolkien tells the tale of a homely hobbit who sets off on an important quest. Iliad and Odyssey by Homer also maintain a war theme and the bravery that one must assume in order to survive. Life of Pi by Yann Martel tells the story of a young boy fighting to survive after a shipwreck in the middle of the Atlantic Ocean. Lord of the Flies by William Golding features a group of boys stranded on a deserted island, fighting to survive.
War and Peace by Leo Tolstoy highlights the courage of the men fighting a war as well as the courage of the women who must make difficult decisions back on the homefront. Death is something everyone will face. It's packed with so much uncertainty.
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And, for those left behind, it leaves lingering feelings of sadness and, sometimes, even remorse. This can be a great theme if your goal is to tug at the heartstrings of your readers. Here are a few examples of death and dying in major works of literature:. The Lovely Bones by Alice Sebold explores death and grief from the perspective of a girl who was just murdered. The Fault in Our Stars by John Green focuses on teenagers that must come to terms with their terminal illness.
Valued friendships can completely alter one's life. It can sustain you through moments when you need to pull out all of your courage. It can bolster us when we're feeling down. And it's also a wonderful prize when celebrating life's special moments. Here are a few examples of the beauty of friendship in major works of literature:. Don Quixote by Miguel de Cervantes tells the story of two men who, essentially, embark on an epic road trip. The ties that bond their friendship make all their adventures possible.
Harry Potter and the Sorcerer's Stone by J. Rowling embraces the theme of friendship. In fact, every novel in the series hones in on this concept. Harry, Ron, and Hermione's unbreakable friendship is strong enough to allow them to stand up to even the greatest of sorcerers. The Outsiders by Amanda Levickas promotes the theme of friendship and how having someone to lean on can usher you through some of life's most pivotal moments.
Of course, love can move the world. When two characters fall in love, they'll go to any lengths to stay together.
It makes for an interesting story to see how love survives, despite all the curveballs the main characters might face. Here are a few examples of love in major works of literature:. Anna Karenina by Leo Tolstoy focuses on love as a theme. What's interesting here is that love is displayed as both a destructive and productive force, both inside and outside the context of marriage. Pride and Prejudice by Jane Austen explores the theme of love during a time when people didn't really date outside their social spheres.
The two main characters give light to the theme of love and how, sometimes, it can conquer all.
Romeo and Juliet by William Shakespeare also demonstrates how love can be such a driving force that, if love can't be had, nothing short of death will do. Sense and Sensibility by Jane Austen explores the theme of love, demonstrating how, to have it, one must experience a bit of discomfort too. Wonder by R. Palacio focuses on love, but not necessarily romantic love. We see the love that the main character's family shows for him, as well as the differences between the friends who love him and the antagonists who give him a hard time.
Wuthering Heights by Emily Bronte explores the theme of love but where the two main characters are equally in love and at war with one another. Of course, the theme in a novel doesn't always have to be a positive thing. It can be a negative attribute that might inspire readers to take a better path in life. Here are a few examples of the detriments of revenge in major works of literature:. The Count of Monte Cristo by Alexandre Dumas plays with the theme of revenge from nearly every angle and character viewpoint.
It also plays on the theme of power because, as soon as the count takes a position of power, he doles out revenge to those who hurt him along the way. Macbeth by William Shakespeare features revenge as a theme because one of the characters, Macduff, makes many concerted efforts to exact revenge on Macbeth after he learns of his family's death. If the theme drives home the central message that the writer would like to convey, then how is it any different from the moral of the story? In truth, themes are far more general than the moral of the story. The moral is a specific lesson that the author is trying to teach.
Meanwhile, the theme can be more generalized; there can also be more than one theme in a story. Readers uncover theme s as they go along, because it consistently reappears throughout the work of fiction or nonfiction. As such, a moral can be a theme, but the theme doesn't have to be the moral of the story.
For example, in Romeo and Juliet , one could argue that the theme is the power of love. Love drew these two characters to one another, and nothing was going to stop them from coming together. Gamet was once again re-hired to write for the series, and completed writing the eight films. Shortly after production of the fourth film wrapped in May, Warner Bros. Although they initially announced the Nancy Drew series would be converted into two-reelers , they cancelled those plans days later. The fifth film was written, and may have been produced.
Frankie Thomas believes that he and Granville made five films, not four. The films took many liberties from its source material.
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Granville's portrayal of the Nancy was portrayed to be ditsy, absent-minded, and more scheming than that of the books of the time, where Nancy was intelligent, sharp-tongued, and quite ahead of her time. Carson Drew of the books was portrayed as an older, feeble, more of a hands-off parent, while John Litel's Carson was young, handsome, much more athletically fit, and tried his best to restrain Nancy from getting into danger.
The recurring character of the older Hannah Gruen was replaced with Effie Schneider, Hannah's teenage niece who had appeared in the book the first film was based on. Effie and Hannah's characteristics were merged, although Effie's fidgety, frightful nature retained prominence for comedic effect. In addition to these four, new character Captain Tweedy was added, to portray the stereotypical bumbling, clueless cop that mirrored Steve McBride in the Torchy Blane series.
The characters of Bess Marvin, George Fayne, and Helen Corning, did not appear in the film series, and were never mentioned or referred to.
In addition to the character changes, the tone and pacing of the films was also matured and altered for comic effect and to accommodate a wider audience. The films changed the less-severe crimes and adventures of the books into gruesome murders, that are often spearheaded by dangerous criminals. While book Nancy was usually treated with authority and equal respect to other adults while solving the mystery professionally, the films portrayed Nancy as a meddling school girl who chased adventures, much to the misery of the adults and peers around her.
Critical reaction to these films is mixed. Some find that the movies did not "depict the true Nancy Drew",  in part because Granville's Nancy "blatantly used her feminine wiles and enticing bribes " to accomplish her goals. Adams did not like the films, and resented the studio for its treatment of the character; she did, however, keep a personal autographed photo from Granville on her office desk for many years according to her employees, and may have used John Litel's portrayal of Carson Drew to revamp the character when she revised the books in the s and s.
Contrary to Adams, Benson was said to have liked the films of the time, despite them being different from the character she wrote. To promote the film, Warner Bros. The series become somewhat of a cult success after the films started appearing on cable channels such as Turner Classic Movies.
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The films were arguably ones in which all five cast members were notable for in their careers. Granville recalled making the films fondly, and stated her favorite film of the series was Nancy Drew… Trouble Shooter. A new film version for Nancy Drew had been in the works at Warner Bros.
- Book of Seeds;
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However, nothing came into fruition until the mid s. On June 15, , Warner Bros.